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Significance and Celebration of Ganesha Chaturthi

Significance and Celebration of Ganesha Chaturthi

Ganesh Chaturthi Puja Time
MadhyahnaGanesha Puja Time = 10:20 to 12:49
Duration = 2 Hours 28 Mins
On 4th, Time to Avoid Moon Sighting = 18:54 to 19:46
Duration = 0 Hours 52 Mins
On 5th, Time to Avoid Moon Sighting = 08:27 to 20:23
Duration = 11 Hours 56 Mins
ChaturthiTithi Begins = 18:54 on 4/Sep/2016
ChaturthiTithi Ends = 21:09 on 5/Sep/2016

The birth anniversary of Lord Ganesha is celebrated as Ganesh Chaturthi. On this day, Lord Ganesha is worshipped as the Lord of wisdom, good fortune and prosperity. According to the Hindu Puranans and texts, Lord Ganesha was born during the Shuklapaksha of Bhadrapada month as per Hindu calendar. Accordingly, as per English calendar, it generally falls in the month of August or September. 

The festival of Ganesha Chaturthi or Ganeshotsav ends after 10 days on Anant Chaturdashi which is also marked as the Ganesh Visarjan day. On this day, the idols of Lord Ganesha are immersed in water body after a gala street procession. 

Ganapati Sthapana and Ganapati Puja Muhurat
According to Hindu Puranas and Upanishads, Lord Ganesha is believed to have been born during Madhyahna kaal and hence Ganesh Puja should be performed during Madhyahna kaal which is equivalent to midday as per Hindu division of the day. 

As per the Hindu calendars, the time duration between sunrise and sunset is divided into five equal parts. These five parts are known by different names like Pratahkala, Sangava, Madhyahna, Aparahana and Sayankal. 

As per Vedic astrology, GanapatiSthapana and Ganapati Pujaon Ganesha Chaturthi should be done during Madhyahna part of the day as it is considered to be the most appropriate time for Ganesha Puja. However, during midday detailed ritualistic Ganesh puja is performed by the devotees which is also known as Shodashopachara Ganapati Puja. 

Prohibited Moon sighting on Ganesh Chaturthi
According to age old beliefs, one should not sight or see the moon on Ganesha Chaturthi as doing so on this day creates Mithya Dosham or Mithya Kalank for the person who sees it, which means he would be accused falsely of stealing something. As per the Puranic legends, even Lord Krishna was falsely accused of stealing a precious jewel named Syamantaka as he had sighted the moon on the day of Bhadrapada Shukla Chaturthi, because of which he had been cursed with false accusation. Having experienced so, Lord Narada informed Lord Krishna that God Chandra has been cursed by Lord Ganesha that whosoever would sight the moon on Shukla Chaturthi during Bhadrapada would be cursed with Mithya dosh and would be tainted and dishonored in the society. However, Lord Narada then advised Lord Krishna to observe a fast on Ganesha Chaturthi day in order to get rid of the accusation or Mithya Dosha. 

Mithya Dosha prevention mantra 
The sighting of moon might be prohibited for two consecutive days depending on the start and end time of Chaturthi Tithi. The moon should not be sighted while Chaturthi tithi is prevailing. Moreover, the moon risen during Chaturthi should not be sighted even if the tithi gets over before the setting of the moon. 

If by mistake a person happens to sight the moon on Ganesha Chaturthi, he should chant the following mantra to get rid of the curse:
SimhahPrasenamavadhitsimhoJambavataHatah।
SukumarakaMarodistavaHyeshaSyamantakah॥

Ganesh Chaturthi is also known as Vinayaka Chaturthi and Ganesh Chauth

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