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Hindu Rituals & Four Phases of Life

Hindu Rituals &  Four Phases of Life

Our ancient scriptures advise us to follow different types of rituals at different phases of lives. All the rituals have some specific meaning and objectives. They enable us to lead a meaningful life.Markandeya Purana says us about four types of life phases.

We will talk about two practical phases which are Brahmachrya and Family life. Each type of lifestyle has its own objective and principles. And Markandeya Purana enlightens us about them.

Rituals to be followed in Brahmachari life:
Read the brahmachari scriptures: to acquire the knowledge about the rituals and the rules of brahmachari life, a peson leading he brahmachari way of life must have to read the brahmachari sriputire

Perform Agnihotra
Take bath thrice a day. Taking bath has utmost importance in Hinu way of life. In brahmachari life a person is asked to take bath at least thrice a day. It ensures higine as well as it helps in proper blood circulation. Offer the alms to the guru and only as per the instruction of the guru have the alms Help the gurus in his activities. In the gurukul, it’s the duty of the brahmachai to help him in all types of activities.

Please the guru:
A person leading a brahmachari way of life should take all possible steps to make to guru happy and help society.
Study attentively as per the guidance of the guru. The ultimate objective of the brahmachari way of lefe is o leaern . the person should learn attentively. Acquire knowledge of the Vedas from the guru. Vedas are the embodiments of knowledge. Th gteat sages have jotted down precious knowledge in the Vedas. It’s the duty to acquire knowledge from the Vedas and use it for the welfare o the people.

Give guru dakshina to the guru and return home. After completing education, the brahmachai should offer something to the Guru as dakshina.

The transition from brahmachari life to family life:
To start a family life, when a boy comes out of the brhmachari life, he should find a woman who is similar to him and should get married following all the rituals and traditions. But the woman should no be from the same gotra or any of its sub-gotra. Scientists have also proved this facts in the recent time. If tow close relatives get married, thiir is a chance of the birth of handicapped child or child with other defects.

Why a person should get married:
In the modern era, the intellectuals often debate about marriage. But Markandeya Purana says “To lead an accurate family life people should get married. A family life is not complete without marriage. To lead the family life in a proper way, marriage is essential. Marriage strengthens the bond of a family. And it leads the family life in a proper way. Family is the smallest unit of the society. And a strong family life leads to a peaceful society. Man is a social animal. Man can’t live without society. And for an organized social life, marriage is essential.

The objective to be followed in family life:
The Markandeya Purana says,


  • Earn wealth through your intellect and power following an honest path.
  • Please God, your father, and the near ones. Carry out your duties and bring up your sons daughters and the near ones.
  • A person should also support the servants, the relatives, the poor, the blinds, the handicapped, the needy people as well as the birds and the animals
  • As per your capacity, observe five types of yagnas
  • Offer food to your family and the relatives and what ever is left should be given to the poor. You should also sit with the poor and eat it with them happily.

A person should carry out all the duties. Apart from this if he finds that a person is hungry, it’s his duty to feed that person. If a person visits his friends, relatives or any rich person of his family he should be offered food. Otherwise it’s a sin. The rich man suffers for these types of sin.

A rich person has the right to enjoy his wealth, but it is equally important to support his family and friends too. “Atithi Devo Bhava” –

What the Purana says about “Guests” If a guest comes to a person house during the time of sunset, he should be received warm-heartedly. It’s a punya to serve a guest. Depending on one’s capability, a guest should be receipted. If someone leads a family life like this all the Gods, forefathers, sages and other people bless him. He can lead a blissful family life.

Markandeya Purana says about three duties in a family life

The three duties of a family person:

Nitya: The duties related to five yagnas are called nitya. The five types of yagnas are:

  • Worshipping god (Deva yagna) in the form of a deity,
  • to study the scriptures for knowledge (Brahma yagna),
  • contemplate on the teaching of the great sages, leaned men and forefather (Priti yagna),
  • to offer food to the needy (Bhuta yagna),
  • and to serve guests with respect, and love (Nara yagna)

Naimittik: Duties carried out for the birth of child is called naimittik. It’s the duty of a person to lead a family life and expand further generations.
Nitya naimittik: In any occasion or ritual whatever rituals like shraddha are done are called the nitya naimittik duties of the wise people. Rituals are important part of life. They enable a person to leas a blissful life. Each ritual has a special significance in a meaningful life.

Dr. Puneet Chawla is a Life Guru, guiding and mentoring the followers to solve their life problems and make a easy living. He corrects the reasons of troublesome life by way of Vastu, Mantra and Tantra Mandalas. Being an intuitive personality he senses the negative energies, the reasons of problems and rarely predicts the life decisions too. He is a Shiv and Shakti Sadhak and guides people through Shivpath.